Motorcycle maintenance should be an ongoing part of every motorcycle rider’s relationship with their bike. It’s a great way to get to know your motorcycle better. And most importantly, preventive motorcycle maintenance helps keep you and your motorcycle safer, while also potentially saving you money.
Knowing how to maintain your motorcycle is a learning curve for most of us. With a little time, effort, and a motorcycle maintenance checklist based on manufacturer recommendations, you can take your current skills to the next level in servicing your motorcycle. So, whether you’re a budding shade-tree mechanic or you’ve got more experience under your belt, here are some tips to help you up your maintenance game.
Being a safe motorcycle rider begins with safety as a state of mind. So, it shouldn’t surprise you that the same applies when it comes to maintenance. Before starting any project from your motorcycle checklist, make sure you fully understand the scope of the work and any risks involved.
Here’s a motorcycle maintenance 101 checklist for at-home service safety:
If you’re a beginner, the best path for you to start motorcycle maintenance is to follow a pre-ride checklist. The Motorcycle Safety Foundation (MSF) has a great guide called T-CLOCSSM, which is summarized below. It’s a good idea to print this checklist and hang it in your garage for reference.
When you perform this safety inspection and find something that needs maintenance, you can fix it before you ride in most cases. Your owner’s or service manual will specify the fastener standard (metric or SAE) you should use, along with information regarding your tire pressure, final drive slack, bulbs, lubricants, and other details you’ll need to know.
Although modern motorcycles are considered almost maintenance-free compared to older models, there are still routine service requirements that you can tackle beyond the pre-ride checklist. These services range from changing the oil, to the oil filter, air filter, fuel filter, to spark plugs, and the coolant. Your manuals will specify service intervals, part specifications, and maintenance instructions. Final drive adjustments are typically part of your scheduled routine motorcycle maintenance.
There are consumable parts of your motorcycle that need to be replaced on a longer service cycle than oil changes. These include primary drive oil, transmission oil, brake pads/shoes, and hydraulic fluids.
Along with replacing consumable components, there are critical items like suspension sag, rebound, and dampening that require your inspection and possible adjustment. This is also a good time for you to check for worn out control cables and old hydraulic hoses that may need to be replaced.
Changing your bike’s tires is also considered part of periodic maintenance. Because your tires are among the most critical contributors to your on-the-road safety—and their replacement requires specialized tools—it’s typically best to have your local repair shop or dealership handle the replacement. It’s an advanced maintenance skill that you can aspire to.
As we’ve mentioned, changing your tires is on the advanced motorcycle maintenance checklist. Also making the advanced list are projects like:
These are things you can learn to do with proper training, and you’ll need additional tools beyond what we’ve listed. If you’ve ever dreamed of restoring a motorcycle, these are among the things that’ll put grease under your fingernails and a smile on your biker heart.
On your journey to upping your motorcycle maintenance skills, you’ll invariably build a nice collection of tools. You can preserve your tools by keeping them clean, dry, and organized. Some tools require more specialized care, like torque wrenches, air tools, and compressors, so it’s important to follow manufacturer specifications for your tool maintenance. Good tools that are well cared for can last a lifetime, servicing generations of motorcycles.
Don’t miss this article on staying safe while you work in your garage before you begin your next motorcycle maintenance project.
Once your bike is all tuned up, hit the road with confidence that you and your bike are protected. Get a fast, free quote for your motorcycle insurance from Dairyland.